Korea under japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived korean empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of world war ii in 1945 japanese rule over korea was the outcome of a process that began with the japan–korea treaty of 1876 , whereby a complex coalition of the meiji government, military, and business officials sought to integrate korea both politically and economically into the empire of japan. In 1910, korea was annexed by the empire of japan after years of war, intimidation and political machinations the country would be considered a part of japan until 1945 in order to establish control over its new protectorate, the empire of japan waged an all-out war on korean culture.
Japan's initial colonial policy was to increase agricultural production in korea to meet japan's growing need for rice japan had also begun to build large-scale industries in korea in the 1930s as part of the empire-wide program of economic self-sufficiency and war preparation.
Japan built bureaucracies in korea, all of them centralized and all of them big by colonial standards unlike the relatively small british colonial cadre in india, there were 700,000 japanese in korea by the 1940s, and the majority of colonizers worked in government service. Japanese colonial rule (1910-1945) was a deeply ambivalent experience for koreans on the one hand, japanese colonialism was often quite harsh for the first ten years japan ruled directly through the military, and any korean dissent was ruthlessly crushed. After 1939, the trend was to integrate koreans into the mainstream of japanese society, albeit only as an underclass many japanese emigrated to korea, and korea had a japanese civilian population of 850,000 by the end of world war ii, with about 240,000 in the colonial government.
Home history japanese colonialism in korea japanese colonialism in korea north and south korea are nations that while filled with contempt for japan have used the foundations that japan laid during the colonial period to further industrialization.
Korea did not escape the japanese grip until 1945, when japan lay prostrate under the allied victory that brought world war ii to a close the colonial experience that shaped postwar korea was intense and bitter.
Korea under japanese rule south korea table of contents japan's initial colonial policy was to increase agricultural production in korea to meet japan's growing need for rice japan had also begun to build large-scale industries in korea in the 1930s as part of the empire-wide program of economic self-sufficiency and war preparation.